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He was about 19 when Aristotle died, and he studied philosophy under followers of Democritus and Plato. Epicurus founded his first philosophical schools in Mytilene and Lampsacus, before moving to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Athens around 306 B.C.E. There Epicurus founded the Garden, a combination of V2.0 Network Discharge - Ppt Download philosophical community and school. The residents of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Garden put Epicurus' teachings into practice. Health - Ppt Download? Epicurus died from kidney stones around 271 or 270 B.C.E. After Epicurus' death, Epicureanism continued to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, flourish as a philosophical movement.

Communities of Mnemonics Epicureans sprang up throughout the Hellenistic world; along with Stoicism, it was one of the major philosophical schools competing for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, people's allegiances. Epicureanism went into decline with the rise of Christianity. Certain aspects of Epicurus' thought were revived during the Renaissance and early modern periods, when reaction against scholastic neo-Aristotelianism led thinkers to turn to mechanistic explanations of natural phenomena. Epicurus was a voluminous writer, but almost none of his own work survives. Consent Forms » Consent? A likely reason for this is that Christian authorities found his ideas ungodly. Diogenes Laertius, who probably lived in the third century CE , wrote a 10-book Lives of the Philosophers, which includes three of Epicurus' letters in its recounting of the life and teachings of Epicurus. These three letters are brief summaries of major areas of Epicurus' philosophy: the Letter to Herodotus, which summarizes his metaphysics, the Letter to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Pythocles, which gives atomic explanations for meteorological phenomena, and the Letter to Menoeceus, which summarizes his ethics. It also includes the Principal Doctrines, 40 sayings which deal mainly with ethical matters.

Because of the absence of Epicurus' own writings, we have to | Contract Templates, rely on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, later writers to reconstruct Epicurus' thought. Two of our most important sources are the Roman poet Lucretius (c. 94-55 B.C.E.) and the Roman politician Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.). Lucretius was an Epicurean who wrote De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things), a six-book poem expounding Epicurus' metaphysics. Cicero was an adherent of the skeptical academy, who wrote a series of Mnemonics works setting forth the major philosophical systems of his day, including Epicureanism. Another major source is the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 essayist Plutarch (c. Program Format. 1 8+ Free? 50-120 CE), a Platonist. However, both Cicero and Plutarch were very hostile toward Epicureanism, so they must be used with care, since they often are less than charitable toward Epicurus, and may skew his views to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, serve their own purposes. Although the major outlines of Epicurus' thought are clear enough, the lack of sources means many of the details of his philosophy are still open to dispute. Epicurus believes that the basic constituents of the Consent Forms » Consent Form world are atoms (which are uncuttable, microscopic bits of matter) moving in the void (which is simply empty space). Ordinary objects are conglomerations of atoms.

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Also, there must be basic and unchangeable building blocks of matter in order to explain the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 regularities in The "hiragana Mnemonics, nature. These non-compound bodies are atoms--literally, 'uncuttables.' Only bodies and void exist per se, that is, exist without depending for their existence on something else. Other things--such as colors, time, and justice--are ultimately explicable as attributes of bodies. b. Properties of Atoms, Limitlessness of the Universe. Because Epicurus believes that nothing comes into Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 existence from nothing, he thinks that the universe has no beginning, but has always existed, and will always exist.

Atoms, too, as the basic building blocks of Format. Funeral Image Free all else, cannot come into existence, but have always existed. Our particular cosmos, however, is only a temporary agglomeration of atoms, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 it is only one of an infinite number of such cosmoi, which come into Archives existence and then dissolve away. Against Aristotle, Epicurus argues that the universe is unlimited in size. If the universe were limited in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, size, says Epicurus, you could go to the end of it, stick your fist out, and where your fist was located would be the new 'limit' of the universe. Of course, this process could be reiterated an endless number of times. Since the universe is unlimited in size, there must also be an unlimited number of atoms and an infinite amount of void. If the number of Contracts Templates atoms were limited, then the 'density' of atoms in any region would effectively be zero, and there would be no macroscopic bodies, as there evidently are. And there must be an unlimited amount of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 void, since without a limitless amount of void, the infinite number of atoms would be unable to move. Up to this point, Epicurus is largely following the thought of Democritus, a pre-Socratic philosopher and | Contract one of the inventors of atomism.

However, he modifies Democritus' atomism in at least three important ways. The first is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 that Epicurus thinks that atoms have weight. Like Democritus, Epicurus believes that atoms have the Doc.#960768: Inventory Template Professional properties of size, shape, and resistance. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Democritus explains all atomic motion as the result of previous atomic collisions, plus the inertia of atoms. Aristotle, however, criticizes Democritus on this point, saying that Democritus has not explained why it is Program Format. Funeral Program Image that atoms move at all, rather than simply standing still.

Epicurus seems to be answering this criticism when he says that atoms do have a natural motion of direction--'downward'--even though there is no bottom to the universe. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? This natural motion is supposed to give an Archives | Graphicstank, explanation for why atoms move in the first place. Also, Epicurus thinks that it is evident that bodies do tend to travel down, all else being equal, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 he thinks that positing weight as an atomic property accounts for this better than thinking all atomic motion is the result of past collisions and inertia. The second modification of Democritus' views is the addition of the 'swerve.' In addition to the regular tendency of atoms to move downward, Epicurus thinks that occasionally, and at Flyers Archives, random times, the atoms swerve to the side. One reason for this swerve is that it is needed to explain why there are atomic collisions. The natural tendency of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 atoms is to fall straight downward, at | Graphicstank, uniform velocity. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? If this were the only natural atomic motion, the atoms never would have collided with one another, forming macroscopic bodies. As Lucretius puts it, they would 'fall downward, like drops of rain, through the Offshore Contracts deep void.' The second reason for thinking that atoms swerve is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 that a random atomic motion is needed to preserve human freedom and 'break the bonds of Supplies Inventory Template Professional fate,' as Lucretius says.

If the laws of atomic motion are deterministic, then the past positions of the atoms in the universe, plus these laws, determine everything that will occur, including human action. Cicero reports that Epicurus worries that, if it has been true from eternity that, e.g., Milo will wrestle tomorrow, then presently deliberating about whether to make it true or false would be idle. The third difference between Epicurus and Democritus has to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, do with their attitudes toward the reality of sensible properties. Doc.#960768: Supplies Template Professional Supply? Democritus thinks that, in reality, only atoms and the void exist, and that sensible qualities such as sweetness, whiteness, and the like exist only Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, 'by convention.' It is Chart," By Tofugu controversial exactly how to understand Democritus' position, but most likely he is asserting that atoms themselves have no sensible qualities--they are simply extended bits of stuff. The sensible qualities that we think bodies have, like sweetness, are not really in the object at all, but are simply subjective states of the percipient's awareness produced by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the interaction of bodies with our sense-organs. This is shown, thinks Democritus, by the fact that the same body appears differently to different percipients depending on their bodily constitution, e.g., that a 'white' body appears yellow to somebody with jaundice, or that honey tastes bitter to an ill person. From this, Democritus derives skeptical conclusions. He is pessimistic about our ability to gain any knowledge about the world on the basis of our senses, since they systematically deceive us about the way the world is. Epicurus wants to resist these pessimistic conclusions.

He argues that properties like sweetness, whiteness, and such do not exist at the atomic level--individual atoms are not sweet or white--but that these properties are nonetheless real. These are properties of macroscopic bodies, but the possession of Funeral Funeral Program Image 1 8+ Funeral these properties by macroscopic bodies are explicable in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, terms of the properties of and relations amongst the individual atoms that make up bodies. Epicurus thinks that bodies have the capability to University Network Summary. Download, cause us to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, have certain types of experiences because of their atomic structure, and that such capabilities are real properties of the bodies. Similar considerations apply for properties like being healthy, being deadly, and being enslaved. They are real, but can only apply to groups of atoms (like people), not individual atoms. Funeral Program Funeral Program Image 1 8+ Free Funeral? And these sorts of properties are also relational properties, not intrinsic ones. For example, cyanide is deadly--not deadly per se, but deadly for human beings (and perhaps for other types of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 organisms). Nonetheless, its deadliness for us is still a real property of the cyanide, albeit a relational one.

d. Mechanistic Explanations of Offshore | Contract Templates Natural Phenomena. One important aspect of Epicurus' philosophy is his desire to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, replace teleological (goal-based) explanations of natural phenomena with mechanistic ones. His main target is Format. 1 8+ Funeral mythological explanations of meteorological occurrences and the like in terms of the will of the gods. Because Epicurus wishes to banish the fear of the gods, he insists that occurrences like earthquakes and lightning can be explained entirely in atomic terms and are not due to the will of the gods. Epicurus is also against the intrinsic teleology of philosophers like Aristotle. Teeth appear to be well-designed for the purpose of chewing. Aristotle thinks that this apparent purposiveness in nature cannot be eliminated, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 that the functioning of the parts of organisms must be explained by appealing to how they contribute to the functioning of the organism as a whole. Other philosophers, such as the Stoics, took this apparent design as evidence for the intelligence and benevolence of God. Epicurus, however, following Empedocles, tries to Consent Forms Form Templates, explain away this apparent purposiveness in nature in a proto-Darwinian way, as the result of a process of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 natural selection.

Because of its denial of divine providence, Epicureanism was often charged in antiquity with being a godless philosophy, although Epicurus and his followers denied the charge. The main upshot of Program Format. Funeral 1 8+ Free Epicurean theology is certainly negative, however. Epicurus' mechanistic explanations of natural phenomena are supposed to displace explanations that appeal to the will of the gods. In addition, Epicurus is one of the earliest philosophers we know of to have raised the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Problem of Evil, arguing against the notion that the world is under the Flyers | Graphicstank providential care of a loving deity by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, pointing out the manifold suffering in the world. Despite this, Epicurus says that there are gods, but these gods are quite different from the popular conception of gods. Program Program Free Funeral? We have a conception of the gods, says Epicurus, as supremely blessed and happy beings. Troubling oneself about the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 miseries of the world, or trying to administer the world, would be inconsistent with a life of tranquility, says Epicurus, so the gods have no concern for us.

In fact, they are unaware of our existence, and Flyers | Graphicstank live eternally in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the intermundia, the space between the cosmoi. The "hiragana Mnemonics By Tofugu? For Epicurus, the gods function mainly as ethical ideals, whose lives we can strive to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, emulate, but whose wrath we need not fear. Ancient critics thought the Epicurean gods were a thin smoke-screen to hide Epicurus' atheism, and difficulties with a literal interpretation of The "hiragana Chart," Epicurus' sayings on the nature of the gods (for instance, it appears inconsistent with Epicurus' atomic theory to hold that any compound body, even a god, could be immortal) have led some scholars to conjecture that Epicurus' 'gods' are thought-constructs, and exist only in human minds as idealizations, i.e., the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 gods exist, but only as projections of Mnemonics By Tofugu what the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 most blessed life would be. Epicurus is one of the first philosophers to put forward an Identity Theory of Mind. | Graphicstank? In modern versions of the identity theory, the mind is identified with the brain, and mental processes are identified with neural processes.

Epicurus' physiology is quite different; the mind is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 identified as an organ that resides in the chest, since the common Greek view was that the chest, not the head, is the seat of the emotions. However, the underlying idea is Offshore Contracts | Contract Templates quite similar. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? (Note: not all commentators accept that Epicurus' theory is actually an Identity Theory.) The main point that Epicurus wants to establish is that the mind is something bodily. The mind must be a body, thinks Epicurus, because of its ability to interact with the body. The mind is affected by the body, as vision, drunkenness, and disease show. Likewise, the mind affects the body, as our ability to move our limbs when we want to and the physiological effects of emotional states show. Only bodies can interact with other bodies, so the mind must be a body. Epicurus says that the mind cannot be something incorporeal, as Plato thinks, since the only thing that is not a body is void, which is | Graphicstank simply empty space and cannot act or be acted upon. The mind, then, is an organ in the body, and mental processes are identified with atomic processes. The mind is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 composed of four different types of particles--fire, air, wind, and the nameless element, which surpasses the other particles in By Tofugu, its fineness. Although Epicurus is reticent about the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 details, some features of the University Discharge Summary. - Ppt mind are accounted for in terms of the features of these atoms--for instance, the mind is able to be moved a great deal by the impact of an image (which is something quite flimsy), because of the smallness of the particles that make up the mind.

The mind proper, which is primarily responsible for sensation and thought, is located in the chest, but Epicurus thinks that there is also a 'spirit,' spread throughout the rest of the body, which allows the mind to communicate with it. The mind and spirit play roles very similar to those of the central and peripheral nervous systems in modern theory. One important result of Epicurus' philosophy of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 mind is that death is annihilation. The "hiragana Chart,"? The mind is able to engage in the motions of sensation and thought only when it is housed in the body and the atoms that make it up are properly arranged. Upon death, says Epicurus, the container of the body shatters, and the atoms disperse in the air. The atoms are eternal, but the mind made up of these atoms is not, just as other compound bodies cease to exist when the atoms that make them up disperse. Epicurus explains perception in terms of the interaction of atoms with the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 sense-organs. Objects continually throw off one-atom-thick layers, like the skin peeling off of an onion. These images, or eidola, fly through the air and bang into one's eyes, from which one learns about the To Treat Templates properties of the objects that threw off these eidola.

This explains vision. Other senses are analyzed in similar terms; e.g., the soothing action of smooth atoms on the tongue causes the sensation of sweetness. As noted above, Epicurus maintains that such sensible qualities are real qualities of bodies. Epicurus' epistemology is resolutely empiricist and anti-skeptical. All of our knowledge ultimately comes from the senses, thinks Epicurus, and we can trust the senses, when properly used. Epicurus' epistemology was contained in his work the 'Canon,' or 'measuring stick,' which is lost, so many of the details of his views are unavailable to us. 4a. The Canon: sensations, preconceptions, and feelings. Epicurus says that there are three criteria of truth: sensations, 'preconceptions,' and feelings. Sensations give us information about the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 external world, and we can test the judgments based upon sensations against further sensations; e.g., a provisional judgment that a tower is round, based upon sensation, can be tested against later sensations to be corroborated or disproved. Epicurus says that all sensations give us information about the world, but that sensation itself is never in error, since sensation is a purely passive, mechanical reception of images and the like by sense-organs, and the senses themselves do not make judgments 'that' the world is this way or that.

Instead, error enters in when we make judgments about the world based upon the information received through the senses. Epicurus thinks that, in order to Format. Funeral Image 1 8+ Free, make judgments about the world, or even to start any inquiry whatsoever, we must already be in possession of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 certain basic concepts, which stand in need of no further proof or definition, on The "hiragana, pain of entering into Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 an infinite regress. Consent To Treat Forms » Consent Templates? This concern is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 similar to the Paradox of Inquiry explored by Plato in the Meno, that one must already know about something in order to be able to | Graphicstank, inquire about it. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? However, instead of postulating that our immaterial souls had acquaintance with transcendent Forms in a pre-natal existence, as Plato does, Epicurus thinks that we have certain 'preconceptions'--concepts such as 'body,' 'person,' 'usefulness,' and 'truth'--which are formed in our (material) minds as the Flyers Archives result of repeated sense-experiences of similar objects. Further ideas are formed by processes of analogy or similarity or by compounding these basic concepts. Thus, all ideas are ultimately formed on the basis of sense-experience.

Feelings of pleasure and pain form the basic criteria for what is to be sought and avoided. Epicurus is concerned to refute the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 skeptical tendencies of Democritus, whose metaphysics and theory of perception were similar to Epicurus'. At least three separate anti-skeptical arguments are given by Epicureans: Epicurus says that it is impossible to live as a skeptic. If a person really were to believe that he knows nothing, then he would have no reason to engage in one course of action instead of another. Thus, the consistent skeptic would engage in no action whatsoever, and would die. If a skeptic claims that nothing can be known, then one should ask whether he knows that nothing can be known. If he says 'yes,' then he is contradicting himself.

If he doesn't say yes, then he isn't making a claim, and we don't need to listen to him. iii. The Argument from Concept-formation. If the skeptic says that nothing can be known, or that we cannot know the truth, we can ask him where he gets his knowledge of concepts such as 'knowledge' and 'truth.' If the senses cannot be relied on, as the skeptic claims, then he is not entitled to use concepts such as 'knowledge' and 'truth' in formulating his thesis, since such concepts derive from the senses. Epicurus' ethics is a form of egoistic hedonism; i.e., he says that the only thing that is intrinsically valuable is one's own pleasure; anything else that has value is valuable merely as a means to securing pleasure for Funeral Funeral Image 1 8+ Free Funeral, oneself.

However, Epicurus has a sophisticated and idiosyncratic view of the nature of pleasure, which leads him to recommend a virtuous, moderately ascetic life as the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 best means to Flyers | Graphicstank, securing pleasure. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? This contrasts Epicurus strongly with the To Treat Forms » Consent Form Cyrenaics, a group of ancient hedonists who better fit the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 stereotype of hedonists as recommending a policy of eat, drink, and be merry. a. Hedonism, Psychological and Ethical. Epicurus' ethics starts from the Aristotelian commonplace that the highest good is University Health Download what is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 valued for its own sake, and not for the sake of anything else, and Epicurus agrees with Aristotle that happiness is the highest good. However, he disagrees with Aristotle by identifying happiness with pleasure. Epicurus gives two reasons for this. The "hiragana Mnemonics Chart,"? The main reason is that pleasure is the only thing that people do, as a matter of fact, value for its own sake; that is, Epicurus' ethical hedonism is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 based upon his psychological hedonism.

Everything we do, claims Epicurus, we do for the sake ultimately of Consent Forms Templates gaining pleasure for ourselves. This is supposedly confirmed by observing the behavior of infants, who, it is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 claimed, instinctively pursue pleasure and shun pain. This is also true of adults, thinks Epicurus, but in adults it is Funeral Program 1 8+ more difficult to see that this is true, since adults have much more complicated beliefs about what will bring them pleasure. But the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Epicureans did spend a great deal of energy trying to make plausible the contention that all activity, even apparently self-sacrificing activity or activity done solely for the sake of virtue or what is noble, is in Format. Program Image Funeral, fact directed toward obtaining pleasure for oneself. The second proof, which fits in well with Epicurus' empiricism, supposedly lies in one's introspective experience. One immediately perceives that pleasure is good and that pain is bad, in the same way that one immediately perceives that fire is hot; no further argument is needed to show the goodness of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 pleasure or the badness of pain. (Of course, this does not establish Epicurus' further contention that only Doc.#960768: Supplies Professional, pleasure is intrinsically valuable and only pain is intrinsically bad.) Although all pleasures are good and all pains evil, Epicurus says that not all pleasures are choiceworthy or all pains to be avoided. Instead, one should calculate what is in one's long-term self-interest, and forgo what will bring pleasure in the short-term if doing so will ultimately lead to greater pleasure in the long-term.

For Epicurus, pleasure is tied closely to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, satisfying one's desires. He distinguishes between two different types of pleasure: 'moving' pleasures and 'static' pleasures. 'Moving' pleasures occur when one is in the process of Mnemonics Chart," satisfying a desire, e.g., eating a hamburger when one is hungry. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? These pleasures involve an Funeral Free, active titillation of the senses, and these feelings are what most people call 'pleasure.' However, Epicurus says that after one's desires have been satisfied, (e.g., when one is full after eating), the state of satiety, of no longer being in need or want, is itself pleasurable. Epicurus calls this a 'static' pleasure, and says that these static pleasures are the best pleasures. Because of this, Epicurus denies that there is any intermediate state between pleasure and pain. When one has unfulfilled desires, this is painful, and when one no longer has unfulfilled desires, this steady state is the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 most pleasurable of all, not merely some intermediate state between pleasure and pain. Epicurus also distinguishes between physical and mental pleasures and pains.

Physical pleasures and pains concern only the present, whereas mental pleasures and pains also encompass the past (fond memories of past pleasure or regret over Offshore Contracts | Contract, past pain or mistakes) and the future (confidence or fear about what will occur). The greatest destroyer of happiness, thinks Epicurus, is anxiety about the future, especially fear of the gods and fear of death. If one can banish fear about the future, and face the future with confidence that one's desires will be satisfied, then one will attain tranquility (ataraxia), the most exalted state. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? In fact, given Epicurus' conception of pleasure, it might be less misleading to call him a 'tranquillist' instead of a 'hedonist.' Because of the close connection of Mnemonics Chart," pleasure with desire-satisfaction, Epicurus devotes a considerable part of his ethics to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, analyzing different kinds of V2.0 University Health Network Discharge Summary. - Ppt Download desires.

If pleasure results from getting what you want (desire-satisfaction) and pain from not getting what you want (desire-frustration), then there are two strategies you can pursue with respect to any given desire: you can either strive to fulfill the desire, or you can try to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, eliminate the desire. For the most part Epicurus advocates the second strategy, that of Consent Forms » Consent Templates paring your desires down to a minimum core, which are then easily satisfied. Epicurus distinguishes between three types of desires: natural and necessary desires, natural but non-necessary desires, and vain and empty desires. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Examples of The "hiragana By Tofugu natural and necessary desires include the desires for food, shelter, and the like. Epicurus thinks that these desires are easy to satisfy, difficult to eliminate (they are 'hard-wired' into Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 human beings naturally), and bring great pleasure when satisfied. Furthermore, they are necessary for life, and they are naturally limited: that is, if one is hungry, it only Contracts Templates, takes a limited amount of food to fill the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 stomach, after which the desire is satisfied. Epicurus says that one should try to fulfill these desires. Vain desires include desires for power, wealth, fame, and the like. They are difficult to satisfy, in part because they have no natural limit. If one desires wealth or power, no matter how much one gets, it is always possible to get more, and the more one gets, the more one wants. These desires are not natural to human beings, but inculcated by society and by false beliefs about what we need; e.g., believing that having power will bring us security from others.

Epicurus thinks that these desires should be eliminated. An example of a natural but non-necessary desire is the desire for luxury food. Although food is needed for survival, one does not need a particular type of food to survive. Thus, despite his hedonism, Epicurus advocates a surprisingly ascetic way of life. Although one shouldn't spurn extravagant foods if they happen to be available, becoming dependent on such goods ultimately leads to Flyers Archives | Graphicstank, unhappiness. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? As Epicurus puts it, If you wish to make Pythocles wealthy, don't give him more money; rather, reduce his desires. By eliminating the pain caused by Funeral Program Format. Funeral Program Funeral, unfulfilled desires, and the anxiety that occurs because of the fear that one's desires will not be fulfilled in the future, the wise Epicurean attains tranquility, and thus happiness.

Epicurus' hedonism was widely denounced in the ancient world as undermining traditional morality. Epicurus, however, insists that courage, moderation, and the other virtues are needed in order to attain happiness. However, the virtues for Epicurus are all purely instrumental goods--that is, they are valuable solely for the sake of the happiness that they can bring oneself, not for their own sake. Epicurus says that all of the virtues are ultimately forms of prudence, of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 calculating what is in one's own best interest. Template? In this, Epicurus goes against the majority of Greek ethical theorists, such as the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Stoics, who identify happiness with virtue, and Aristotle, who identifies happiness with a life of virtuous activity. Epicurus thinks that natural science and Program Image Free Funeral philosophy itself also are instrumental goods. Natural science is needed in order to give mechanistic explanations of natural phenomena and thus dispel the fear of the gods, while philosophy helps to show us the natural limits of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 our desires and to dispel the fear of death. Epicurus is one of the The "hiragana Mnemonics By Tofugu first philosophers to give a well-developed contractarian theory of justice. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Epicurus says that justice is an agreement neither to harm nor be harmed, and that we have a preconception of justice as what is Chart," By Tofugu useful in mutual associations. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? People enter into communities in order to gain protection from the Offshore | Contract dangers of the wild, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 agreements concerning the behavior of the members of the community are needed in order for these communities to function, e.g., prohibitions of murder, regulations concerning the killing and eating of animals, and so on.

Justice exists only where there are such agreements. Like the virtues, justice is valued entirely on Inventory Professional, instrumental grounds, because of its utility for each of the members of society. Epicurus says that the main reason not to be unjust is that one will be punished if one gets caught, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 that even if one does not get caught, the fear of being caught will still cause pain. However, he adds that the fear of punishment is needed mainly to keep fools in Doc.#960768: Supplies Inventory Professional Supply, line, who otherwise would kill, steal, etc. The Epicurean wise man recognizes the usefulness of the laws, and since he does not desire great wealth, luxury goods, political power, or the like, he sees that he has no reason to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, engage in the conduct prohibited by the laws in any case. Although justice only exists where there is an Offshore Contracts | Contract Templates, agreement about how to behave, that does not make justice entirely 'conventional,' if by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, 'conventional' we mean that any behavior dictated by the laws of a particular society is Supplies Inventory Supply thereby just, and that the laws of a particular society are just for that society. Since the 'justice contract' is entered into for the purpose of securing what is useful for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the members of the society, only laws that are actually useful are just.

Thus, a prohibition of murder would be just, but antimiscegenation laws would not. Since what is useful can vary from place to place and time to time, what laws are just can likewise vary. Epicurus values friendship highly and Flyers | Graphicstank praises it in quite extravagant terms. He says that friendship dances around the world telling us that we must wake to blessedness. He also says that the wise man is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 sometimes willing to die for a friend. Because of Mnemonics Chart," this, some scholars have thought that in this area, at least, Epicurus abandons his egoistic hedonism and advocates altruism toward friends. This is not clear, however. Epicurus consistently maintains that friendship is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 valuable because it is one of the Consent Forms » Consent Form greatest means of attaining pleasure. Friends, he says, are able to provide one another the greatest security, whereas a life without friends is solitary and beset with perils. In order for there to be friendship, Epicurus says, there must be trust between friends, and friends have to treat each other as well as they treat themselves.

The communities of Epicureans can be seen as embodying these ideals, and these are ideals that ultimately promote ataraxia. One of the greatest fears that Epicurus tries to combat is the fear of death. Epicurus thinks that this fear is often based upon anxiety about having an unpleasant afterlife; this anxiety, he thinks, should be dispelled once one realizes that death is annihilation, because the mind is a group of atoms that disperses upon death. i. The No Subject of Harm Argument. If death is annihilation, says Epicurus, then it is 'nothing to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, us.' Epicurus' main argument for why death is not bad is contained in the Letter to Menoeceus and can be dubbed the 'no subject of harm' argument. If death is bad, for whom is it bad? Not for the living, since they're not dead, and not for the dead, since they don't exist. His argument can be set out V2.0 University Summary. - Ppt Download as follows: Death is annihilation. The living have not yet been annihilated (otherwise they wouldn't be alive).

Death does not affect the living. (from 1 and 2) So, death is not bad for the living. (from 3) For something to be bad for somebody, that person has to exist, at least. The dead do not exist. (from 1) Therefore, death is not bad for the dead. (from 5 and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 6) Therefore death is bad for neither the living nor the dead. (from 4 and 7) Epicurus adds that if death causes you no pain when you're dead, it's foolish to allow the fear of it to cause you pain now. A second Epicurean argument against the fear of death, the so-called 'symmetry argument,' is recorded by the Epicurean poet Lucretius. Health Network Summary. - Ppt Download? He says that anyone who fears death should consider the time before he was born. The past infinity of pre-natal non-existence is like the future infinity of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 post-mortem non-existence; it is as though nature has put up a mirror to let us see what our future non-existence will be like. But we do not consider not having existed for an eternity before our births to be a terrible thing; therefore, neither should we think not existing for an eternity after our deaths to be evil. This is Contracts Templates not meant as comprehensive bibliography; rather, it's a selection of further texts to read for those who want to learn more about Epicurus and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Epicureanism. Most of the books listed below have extensive bibliographies for those looking for Forms » Consent Templates, more specialized and scholarly publications. The Epicurus Reader, translated and edited by Brad Inwood and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 L.P.

Gerson, Hackett Publishing. This inexpensive collection has most of the major extant writings of Inventory Template Professional Supply Epicurus, in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, addition to other ancient sources such as Cicero and Plutarch who wrote about Epicureanism. (Lucretius is not included much.) However, there is little commentary or explication of the material, and some of the primary sources are fairly opaque. The Hellenistic philosophers, Volume 1: translations of the principal sources, with philosophical commentary, by A.A. Long and Doc.#960768: Supplies Supply D.N. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Sedley, Cambridge University Press. This excellent book organizes the texts into Contracts sections topically, (e.g., Atoms, Soul, Language, Death,) and follows each selection of texts with commentary and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 explication.

Vol. 2, which contains the original Greek and Latin texts, has a fine, if somewhat dated (1987) bibliography at the end.Lucretius, De Rerum Natura. There are many different editions of Lucretius' masterpiece, an extended exposition of Epicurus' metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and natural science. I personally like the translation by Rolfe Humphries: Lucretius: The Way Things Are. The De Rerum Natura of Titus Lucretius Carus, Indiana University Press.

Humphries translates Lucretius' poem as a poem, not as prose, yet the translation is still very clear and readable. b. Recent Books on Particular Areas of Epicurus' Philosophy. The books below are all well-written and influential. They deal in-depth with problems of interpreting particular areas of Format. Program 1 8+ Funeral Epicurus' philosophy, while still remaining, for the most part, accessible to well-educated general readers. They also have extensive bibliographies. However, do not assume that the interpretations of Epicurus in these books are always widely accepted. Hellenistic Philosophy of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Mind, by Julia Annas, University of California Press. This book deals with Epicurean and Stoic theories of what the mind is. Epicurus' Ethical Theory : The Pleasures of Invulnerability, by Phillip Mitsis, Cornell University Press. To Treat » Consent Templates? This book is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 concerned with all of the major areas of Archives | Graphicstank Epicurean ethics, from pleasure, to friendship, justice, and human freedom.

Mitsis is especially good at showing how Epicurus' conception of pleasure differs from that of the utilitarians. The Morality of Happiness, by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Julia Annas, Oxford University Press. This book focuses deals with all major ancient theorists from Aristotle on, but is still a good source of information on To Treat » Consent, Epicurean ethics, especially if one wants to put Epicurean ethics in the context of other ancient ethical theories. Epicurus' Scientific Method, by Elizabeth Asmis, Cornell University Press. The best book-length treatment of Epicurus' epistemology available.

A little more technical than the books above, but still fairly accessible.

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Check out the in-depth writing guides below to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, get every bit of information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by Supplies Inventory Professional Supply resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, present yourself in Funeral Image 1 8+, terms of your promotions and upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if…

I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, apply to Offshore | Contract Templates, a job in a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in Flyers Archives | Graphicstank, included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here.

The functional resume format frames the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, candidate in terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of The "hiragana By Tofugu, most relevant to least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something. By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, promote a specific skill set.

I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in Forms, a functional resume, click here.

A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to By Tofugu, the job opening. (This is the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. To Treat Forms » Consent Form! (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. I want to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills.

To learn more about what should be in included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and Mnemonics Chart," one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service.

How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Professional! Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck!

I did a career shift recently to V2.0 Network - Ppt Download, teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, teaching experience in Program Format. Image 1 8+, a preschool setting and trying to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, now make the Doc.#960768: Inventory, shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the The "hiragana By Tofugu, primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 HSBV from Doc.#960768: Supplies Inventory Template Professional Supply, 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them.

Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Templates! Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at Mnemonics 19 in 2006 and got out in 2013. From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at night.

I am currently looking for an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the past 3 years. However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks.

In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. The "hiragana Chart,"! Good luck on the job hunt and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 thank you for Program 1 8+ Funeral your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a part-time job that fits my class schedule and Mnemonics By Tofugu isn’t in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the fast-food industry to Offshore | Contract Templates, help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to what to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year. Therefore I’m not really sure how to Offshore Contracts | Contract Templates, approach this and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and writing experience.

Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. » Consent! I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to this country on 2012 and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company. Now I want to V2.0 Health - Ppt, apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager).

I am confused which format I should choose to post for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 this job opportunity. V2.0 Health Discharge Summary. - Ppt! Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, your content is relevant and of interest to Supplies Inventory, the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to rejoin the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996).

After that I joined a small firm on The "hiragana Mnemonics Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. Network! I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and Forms » Consent Form Templates why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, holding me back. Flyers Archives! Any ideas.

Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 2 years. I have recently worked at the National Instituted of Health for | Graphicstank a year. I currently want to go back to finding an office job or something related and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Doc.#960768:! Best of luck! If the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format.

Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. Chart," By Tofugu! I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in V2.0 University Discharge Download, this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Best of luck!

It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! Good luck on To Treat Forms the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, flexibility with the resume format, but when in Consent To Treat, doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on Funeral Program Funeral Program 1 8+ Funeral the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the shift back into Offshore Templates your previous field! If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format.

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Many students find it difficult to make such an evaluation. After all, the author has considerable expertise and training; it is natural to feel daunted by Doc.#960768: Supplies Template Supply, critiquing his or her work. It is important to distinguish between simply criticizing a work and analyzing and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 thinking critically about Format. Program Image Free Funeral, it. Thinking critically does not mean that you have to disagree with a work. It means that you need to analyze it and consider it in a reasoned manner.

Your review should present an evaluation of what the book’s key arguments are, how effectively they are presented and supported, and how they help or fail to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 help readers to understand a given topic. As you read the book and Supplies Supply review your notes on it, consider the following questions: How and what does this work help us to understand about a time period or issue? What types of evidence does the author draw on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 to support his or her argument? Does the book do what the author claims that it will do? Are there other types of Archives evidence that the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, author fails to acknowledge or ignores?

What theoretical perspective does the author work from? How does this shape or affect his/her argument? How is this book similar to or different from other books on Funeral Format. Funeral Program 1 8+ Free Funeral the topic? Why are they similar or different? Are you convinced by the book?

Why or why not? Structure of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a Book Review. An introduction to a book review is generally short and direct. However, it must provide two key elements: background and thesis . Background: First, your introduction should identify the book and author under review along with any essential historical or historiographical background: What time period and region are discussed? What is the historical question or topic that the book addresses? Thesis: Somewhere in your introduction (generally toward the University Health Network Discharge Summary. - Ppt Download, end) you must provide a succinct, clear evaluation of the book.

This evaluation is the thesis for your book review. Your thesis should encompass three main components: What the main argument of the book is. Your evaluation of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, book such as its strengths and Flyers contributions or weaknesses and shortcomings. Why and/or in what ways you think the work demonstrates these strengths and weaknesses. As you will see from the examples below, there are many different ways to write a thesis for a book review. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! However, all of the thesis statements have the three qualities mentioned above. Funeral Funeral Program Free Funeral! Please note that the authors mentioned below are fictitious. Example A: In her work, Jones successfully argues that slave women in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the American South had a different experience than did male slaves, an experience that opened up some unique freedoms for women but also created gender-specific hardships; while her book is well supported through her creative use of slave narratives and provides a crucial examination of a little-studied group, her failure to acknowledge the importance of Forms » Consent Templates religion to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 slave culture leads her to miss a crucial area of gender difference within the slave experience. Example B: Smith argues that Indigenous peoples during the nineteenth century faced insurmountable cultural and physical losses through both warfare and assimilationist practices. Supplies Inventory Template Professional Supply! His argument is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 supported with detailed evidence.

However, his work fails to recognize the limited agency that Indigenous peoples maintained throughout their experience and thus does not illustrate how Indigenous people met the challenges of their new surroundings; ultimately, the book does not explain the Consent Form, cultural continuity that some Indigenous peoples were able to maintain. Example C: Mankad argues that the Black Death affected cities far more than it did the countryside; while one might question whether his work ignores the secondary effects of the Black Death on rural populations, his innovative use of artistic and literary sources makes his argument convincing and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a significant contribution to a field that has been dominated by demographic and statistical evidence. II. Summary of Key Arguments. After your introduction, you should generally provide a brief summary or overview of the book. Take great care not to simply repeat or mirror everything in the book. Step back and Funeral Program Image Free Funeral identify what its essential arguments are and briefly summarize them. You may want to comment on: What is the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, book’s thesis? How is Consent Forms » Consent Templates it similar to or different from other historians’ work on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a similar topic? How is it organized?

What are the major arguments? What types of evidence are presented? This section should constitute the Funeral 1 8+ Free Funeral, bulk of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 your review. In it, you need to explain and develop the evaluation made in your thesis. Make sure to use examples and quotations (if your professor allows quotations) from the book to illustrate and prove your assessment of the Flyers Archives | Graphicstank, work. For example, if your thesis argues that the work provides a careful and detailed examination of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a topic, you should point toward places in the book where it does so. Similarly, if you argue that the work fails to The "hiragana Mnemonics Chart," recognize a particular perspective, give examples of places in the text that you think would have benefited from attention to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 that perspective.

Your conclusion should provide a succinct summation of your review. Overall, what does this work contribute to its field? What limitations does it possess? Does it suggest interesting avenues for future research? How does your analysis of the | Graphicstank, book help readers to understand the time period being studied or how historians have understood that period? Common Problems in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Book Reviews. Book reviews are a different form of writing than other types of essays, and writing successful reviews takes time, preparation, and practice. V2.0 Health Summary.! Below we list some of the common problems that bedevil students as they write their first book reviews. Summarizing rather than analyzing a work. Some students are so concerned about summarizing everything that the book says that they fail to provide analysis and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 evaluation. Try to step back and see the | Graphicstank, big picture of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, work.

Only discuss its main arguments and supporting evidence. Writing a research paper rather than a book review . | Graphicstank! Some students forget that their goal is to review how the author of a particular book has interpreted an event and instead begin to write a research report on the event itself. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! Stay focused on the book. The "hiragana Chart,"! If, for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 example, you are reviewing Raj Mankad’s book on V2.0 Network - Ppt Download the Black Death, keep in mind that your topic is her book not the Black Death itself. Writing a paper that does not reflect a thorough reading of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, book. Some students begin to write before they have spent time reading and evaluating a book with care. The result is often a paper that lacks detailed examples or only provides examples and ideas from one section of the book. Put time and thought into | Graphicstank reading and reflecting on your book; it really is key to writing a successful review. Not having a clear method of organization . Like any paper, a book review needs a clear, logical structure that the reader can follow.

Your reader should be able to predict what topic you will discuss next from your thesis and topic sentences. Relying on personal opinions rather than reasoned judgments. Some students write reviews based on their personal feelings toward a book deeming it “boring” or “exciting,” “bad” or “good.” These feelings may be the first step toward a good evaluation of the book, but you need to dig deeper. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176! What is it that makes the book “bad” or “good”? What specific evidence can you provide to illustrate the To Treat » Consent Form, book’s strengths and weaknesses?

It is important to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 have opinions about the book, but it is also essential to base your opinions on a reasoned and careful assessment of the work.

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Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin: A Review Essay. Stephen N. Williams. Stephen Williams is professor of systematic theology at Union Theological College in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and served as general editor of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Themelios from 1995 to 1999. The contributors to Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin rightly maintain the traditional view of the historicity of Adam and the entry of sin into the world through him. However, the account displays three weaknesses. Firstly, the inerrant authority of V2.0 University Health Network Discharge Summary. - Ppt, Scripture is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 sometimes interpreted as entailing that the Ancient Near Eastern context of Genesis sheds no light on Consent To Treat Forms » Consent how it should be read. Secondly, the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, question of why humans are justly condemned for the sin of Adam is never answered. Thirdly, no ground for dialogue with science is provided. It is more successful in V2.0 University Health Network - Ppt Download, indicating what we should affirm than in grappling with the difficulties of affirming it. Tritely told, the story goes like this. Religious belief, in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, its very principle, is a matter of Offshore Contracts | Contract, opinion, and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, when opinion is converted into dogmatism, that has been and is a recipe for social conflict.

Scientific belief may, in practice, also be a matter of Chart,", opinion, but it possesses what religious belief does not: the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, capacity to be based on evidence which may amount to Offshore Contracts | Contract, knowledge. It provides a basis for social well-being. Science is the product of reason; religion is the product of faith. So much for principle. As for application, Darwinism has long demonstrated the broad scope and mechanism of our evolutionary history and decisively undermined biblical anthropology. There is a choice: a faith-based religious anthropology or a reason-based neo-Darwinian anthropology. It is obvious which constitutes the intellectually responsible option. An historical Adam, fall and original sin does not.

Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves have gathered together a team of authors resolved to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, combat this position, not in Archives, the spirit of those who merely do not wish to cede this particular piece of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, territory but with the conviction of those who regard this combat more or less as a battle for Offshore Templates, the existence of Christianity.1 Their aim is to persuade, but the audience is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 strictly limited; one of the essayists, Carl Trueman, justifiably says that he assumes ‘that this volume is The "hiragana Mnemonics Chart," By Tofugu aimed primarily at a Protestant evangelical readership’. It is aimed at this audience because self-regarding evangelicals are now among those taking up positions once associated with non-evangelicals, specifically when they question the historicity of Adam and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Eve. Hence, in part 1, the contributors deal with Adam and Offshore, Eve in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the Bible. Rather than jump from that point into original sin in Scripture, an essay on ‘Adam and Modern Science’ closes this part before the second part of the volume traces the doctrine of original sin in the history of theology. Then come four essays which concentrate on the substantive theological question of original sin in our day before a fourth and final part deals again with biblical materials not in order to investigate their witness to the historicity of Adam but to examine what they say about the fall. The closing essay is on Doc.#960768: Professional Supply ‘Adam, History and Theodicy’. I am grateful for the invitation to write an article review of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, this volume. It is a little unusual for The "hiragana Mnemonics Chart,", someone whose published commendation of a volume appears on the volume itself to be reviewing it. On the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, basis of Flyers Archives, correspondence extending over two or three years, by now, Hans knows that we differ on some significant points and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, it is not only gracious but also a sign of transparency on his part to | Contract Templates, promote this exchange in Themelios . If I concentrate on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 points of Funeral Program Format. Funeral Program Funeral, difference, it is only because this best serves our present purpose. Some essays are stronger than others, but I shall not be trumpeting my opinion on the quality of individual essays.

It is as well to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, place my commendatory cards on the table from the To Treat » Consent Form, outset. On the question of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, historical existence of Adam and the entry of sin into Consent Templates the world through him, I believe that the tradition both rightly interprets Scripture and rightly stands theologically by its teachings. Here, I find that the volume is persuasive, and I am now happy to say so. C. John Collins and Robert Yarbrough get us off to a good start, their chapters laying down the solid foundations on which subsequent theological exploration can be built. After a study of Genesis 1–5, Collins describes the way in which ‘the rest of the Old Testament refers to, evokes, or presupposes the story of Adam and Eve’ (p. 5). Crucial to this argument is the claim that OT materials demonstrate this reference even when the story is not explicitly cited. A sample of extra-biblical Jewish writings from the Second Temple period interprets the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Genesis story similarly, so ‘the whole Old Testament story presupposes the historical significance of Archives, Adam and Eve as the fountainhead of humanity and as the doorway by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, which sin came into God’s world’ (p. 5).

Robert Yarbrough follows this through in relation to the NT, establishing the Consent To Treat Forms » Consent Form Templates, continuity between Pauline and OT presuppositions in relation to the role of Adam in the entry of sin into the world. Their common hermeneutic enables these two essays to provide a united front; as Yarbrough puts it, ‘paucity of direct reference to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Adam is no necessary indicator of his significance’ (p. 41). I have plunged into this account off the University Health Network Download, springboard of my published commendation of this volume. Let me now plunge into demurral, a rather nasty-sounding metaphor which is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 not designed to signal a nasty-spirited response. While Collins and Yarbrough persuasively show why we should demur from Peter Enns’s conclusion that Paul is giving an account of Adam discontinuous with that of the OT, the essay which sets out most deliberately to tackle Peter Enns, namely James Hamilton’s later contribution on ‘Original Sin in Biblical Theology’ in the third part of the volume, fails to come to effective grips with Enns’s reasoning in The "hiragana Mnemonics, some key areas. As Enns figures prominently in the preface of this volume, it is appropriate to linger here.

Consistently with the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, earlier essays, Hamilton emphasizes against Enns the distinction between telling and showing and the way in Supplies Supply, which narratives work. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? He is surely right, as he is to Forms » Consent Form Templates, challenge Enns’s exegetical dogmatism on such a text as Hosea 6:7 (pp. 201–2). However, it seems to me that there are three difficulties in Hamilton’s criticism of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Enns. University Network - Ppt? Firstly, it is misleading to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, say that Enns ‘ignores the way the biblical authors are assuming and operating within the world as Moses has defined it’ (p. 204).

Enns does not ignore it; the fact of the matter is that, on critical grounds, he has a different view of Pentateuchal authorship and dating from University Health Summary. - Ppt, that of Hamilton, whose view he regards as demonstrably improbable in the extreme. As far as Enns is concerned, we do not know who wrote, e.g., Deuteronomy; it could have been anyone up to and including Ezra.2 If we do not understand the OT as a whole in its post-exilic setting, on which there is considerable scholarly consensus, we shall not understand what it is trying to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, do and that includes what is going on in its opening chapters. Funeral Free Funeral? In sum, since Moses did not define the world in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, which the biblical authors are operating, there is nothing to ignore. That is Enns’s position. Secondly, there seems to be a vast methodological gulf between Hamilton and Enns and it seems to me that Hamilton is on the wrong side of that gulf, so that his earlier hermeneutical gain is offset by hermeneutical loss. I allude to Hamilton’s claim that ‘[t]he only access we have to what the biblical authors thought or assumed is what they wrote’ (p. 189). V2.0 Network Discharge Summary. - Ppt Download? This is deeply problematic. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? If the claim were that, de facto , we know too little about the Network Discharge Summary. - Ppt Download, ANE background of the OT for it to cast any light on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 what biblical authors thought or assumed, that would be one thing and contentious enough at Doc.#960768: Inventory Template Professional that. However, the point seems to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, be one of methodological principle and, as such, presumably amounts to The "hiragana Chart," By Tofugu, the claim that the Bible is an exception to rules of general hermeneutics. This seems to rule out groundlessly and mistakenly the possibility of interpreting biblical authors in their cultural (ANE) context.

There is certainly plenty to discuss in relation to how ANE and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, canonical contexts should be related, but why should a ‘high’ view of biblical inspiration entail the claim that a writer’s thought or assumptions is accessible only through what he writes? If space prevents Hamilton from Consent To Treat Form Templates, giving a hermeneutical account, at Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 least the hermeneutical disagreement with Enns ought to be couched explicitly not only in terms of the | Graphicstank, distinction between telling and showing, but also in terms of reading Genesis against Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, its ANE background. Certainly, Enns emphasizes ANE background, observing that ‘[i]t is routinely understood, even by conservative interpreters, that the cultural context of Scripture informs our understanding of Scripture’.3. Have I fairly represented Hamilton’s position? If I am missing something, at least my comments bring into view an apparently similar attitude by a later essayist. Noel Weeks, in Forms » Consent Templates, his essay on ‘The Fall and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Genesis 3’, refuses to Templates, interpret the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, early chapters of Genesis in Consent To Treat Forms » Consent Templates, conjectural terms derived from ANE Egyptian or Mesopotamian texts. He states his principle like this: ‘Rather than conjectures, we have to go to the text itself to know what it means. Belief in the divine inspiration of Scripture would lead us to that approach anyway’ (p. 292).

This is to confuse issues of authority with issues of interpretation. Belief in the divine inspiration of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Scripture is Flyers | Graphicstank belief in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, its authority, but such a belief neither prescribes nor suggests such a hermeneutic. True, we should not build anything on conjecture, but that is different from apparently dividing up the hermeneutical world into what is Doc.#960768: Supplies Inventory Template conjectured and what is in the text. The same problem arises when Weeks proceeds to comment that he is not ‘adopting the canonical approach of Brevard Childs, for that method presupposes an earlier chaotic history for the text but ignores that history because it leads into a chaos of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, conjecture from which no meaningful interpretation can emerge’ (p. 292). Certainly, when it comes to the de facto critical investigation of the Mnemonics Chart,", OT, there has long been sufficient chaotic speculation out Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 there to tempt us to think that the whole enterprise is radically unstable de jure . However, the Funeral Funeral Funeral, proper response is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a rigorous appropriation and hermeneutical use of ANE and extra-biblical materials, not what looks like an attempt to seal off the biblical world hermeneutically, an impossibility in any case if we are going to read the original languages. Thirdly, returning to Hamilton, it is By Tofugu tendentious and emotive to say that Enns seeks the kind of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, synthesis between the Bible and evolution ‘where the Bible bows the knee to evolution’ in practice (p. 196). In context, this claim is connected with the first two points and it is worth adding that Enns’s treatment of Offshore Contracts, universality and particularity in the relevant Genesis account is a little more nuanced than Hamilton implies.4 Enns certainly does highlight the evolutionary factor in his approach to the biblical text.

This review is not the place to evaluate the way in which he sets about a synthesizing operation. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? To be useful, such an evaluation would have to be suspended on an account of how this synthesizing procedure is related both to his exegetical practice and to his view of the nature of biblical authority. To Treat Forms » Consent Templates? I note here only that it is one hermeneutical thing to read the Bible against its ANE background, knowledge of which might directly inform our reading of the text, another hermeneutical thing to read it against the background of a scientific view, knowledge of which should not directly shape our reading. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? For example, in principle the ANE material may help me to Consent, interpret the biblical material by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, disclosing to me the world of the biblical writer; contemporary scientific views do not attain that. Chart,"? However, if I am convinced both of some current scientific position and of biblical inerrancy, I shall believe that a prima facie reading of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, biblical text which contradicts that scientific position has to be revised. This, as such, is not to bow the Flyers, knee; it is to seek the integration of beliefs and to allow that it is my interpretation of the Bible, not the Bible itself, that needs correction. What science can do is to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, help me to Doc.#960768: Supplies, read the Bible on its own terms (which includes in its own context); it does not dictate the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, reading. It goes without saying that this operates equally vice versa : if I am convinced both of biblical inerrancy and the correctness of a biblical interpretation, it is the prima facie scientific account that has to be reassessed in the event of collision.

I am not comprehensively evaluating here what Enns is doing overall; the question of his attitude to biblical authority in this context is most tellingly focussed on his treatment of Flyers Archives, Paul. But what would Hamilton make of the accusation that to deny that Joshua really meant that the sun stood still is to bow the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, knee to post-Copernican heliocentricity? In point of fact, there is no conflict whatsoever between biblical observation-language about the movement of the sun—language which we continue to use in the third-millennium—and the conviction that the sun does not move around the Format. Image Free, earth. The question is this: suppose someone is as convinced of evolution in the sense opposed by Hamilton as Hamilton is (presumably) convinced of heliocentricity. In that case, is Enns’s way of proceeding fairly described as a matter of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, bowing the Archives | Graphicstank, knee? Is it that Enns is wrong in his attitude here or, rather, that he and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Hamilton have different estimates of the status of a particular scientific view? Hamilton wonders ‘why evolution is so authoritative in Enns’s reckoning’ (p. 206); Enns will presumably equally wonder how it can fail to have that authority. Of course, whatever scientific authority a scientific proposal has, its hermeneutical status remains to Mnemonics, be properly described and that, in turn, will lead us into the different discussion of the nature of apostolic authority.

However, the question of whether the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, evidence for the relevant kind of evolution is as strong as the evidence for The "hiragana Chart," By Tofugu, a heliocentric view of the world is surely what really lies behind the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, question of Consent Forms » Consent Form, whether there is knee-bowing going on.5. Concentrating on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Hamilton’s essay risks giving the unfair impression that he is unrepresentative of his fellow-authors in carrying the burden of these criticisms, but that seems not to be the case, even if he is not always representative of all. To reiterate: it is only because of his engagement with Enns and only because much is made of Enns in the introduction to the whole volume that I have singled out this essay.6 As do the essayists in this volume, I demur both from Enns’s interpretation of the relationship between Pauline and Old Testament perspectives on Adam and his theological perspective on the historicity of Doc.#960768: Supplies Inventory Template Supply, Adam, so I am accompanying the essayists to first base.7. Suppose, then, that we are persuaded that the essayists give a fair account of how things stand biblically with Adamic historicity. How, now, do things stand theologically with original sin? There is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 plenty of good material in the essays in part 2, which deal with it historically. In the first of these, Peter Sanlon outlines Augustine’s thought, defending Augustine against the accusation that he invented the ecclesiastical doctrine of original sin. However, when Sanlon turns to a brief account of the Pelagian objection, trouble begins to brew which will later bubble up pretty fiercely with pressure on V2.0 University Health Network Discharge - Ppt the theological defence of original sin in part 3. Sanlon notes the Pelagian objection that it is unjust to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, condemn Adam’s descendants for his sin. Judging by the silence of the essay, Augustine had no response this. On human will and on divine mercy Augustine has plenty to say, but here there seems to be nothing.

Will Lutheranism step into the breach and fill the void? There is no essay on medieval thought in this volume, so Lutheranism is Consent » Consent Templates next in line and we have a characteristically informed account of original sin in the Lutheran tradition by Robert Kolb. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? On the one hand, we should beware the danger of failing to attend properly to Consent Forms » Consent, that tradition in its own right by reading his essay as though its agenda must be set by Augustine’s contribution. On the other, Lutheranism entered into mainstream Augustinian inheritance on the matter at hand and we are entitled to wonder whether the question of the justice of the condemnation of Adam’s progeny will rear its head and, if so, whether it will be addressed. The question of justice indeed arises, but Augustinian silence on it remains unbroken. In Kolb’s essay, we learn again of the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, human will and Funeral Image, of divine mercy, but again not of how our condemnation for the sin of Adam can be regarded as just. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Of course, this is accounted for in part by the sixteenth century context of Lutheran theology. For example, when Martin Chemnitz examines Tridentine teaching on original sin, the question of fundamental justice is not what is at issue.

Yet, when Melanchthon tells us that it is the theological responsibility of the church to unfold and explain its brief doctrinal statements, we might expect something more; but Melanchthon does not offer it in the form which should interest a reader of | Contract, this volume and where Melanchthon does not go, Chemnitz is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 unlikely to The "hiragana Mnemonics, go.8 When, then, Kolb describes in laudatory tones Luther’s achievement and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, his grasp of paradox, the Augustinian problematic remains stonily untouched and unmoved in the scenic background. Perhaps the tacit assumption is that if we acknowledge paradox in our talk of The "hiragana Mnemonics By Tofugu, original sin and human responsibility, paradox must play its part in our understanding of divine justice. Is that the way to read the Lutheran appropriation of Augustinian teaching? However we answer that question, in any list of unlikely accusations against Calvin, the accusation of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, refusing to grasp the nettle and of being silent when speech is Contracts Templates owed should come pretty high up. Accordingly, if we expect the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, tradition which he inaugurated to address our concerns, we shall not be disappointed.

Donald Macleod guides us helpfully through it. After taking us through the theological development of the covenant of works, he faces the question head-on: ‘How, in Discharge Download, accordance with justice, could the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, one sin of one man have such calamitous consequences?’ (p. 137). Once the question is introduced, it dominates. Forms Form Templates? Macleod supplies the Augustinian (Augustine’s own) answer, which Sanlon does not: by virtue of the fact that we are one with Adam. In what sense are we one, not for Augustine, but for the Reformed tradition? The answer is: by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, federal unity. Macleod traces the debates on immediate and mediate imputation that surround that answer, in which context the question of justice is lively. Federal union secures the justice of our condemnation. What is both interesting and significant is that, at the end of Health Discharge, his essay, Macleod observes that, in the Reformed tradition, we are still left with the question (among others): exactly ‘[w]hy, for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, example, should the sin of Adam involve all his offspring in guilt?’ (p. 146).

Against the background of this essay and of the Augustinian inheritance, it is a question which patently embraces the issue of divine justice. As a theologian, Macleod may have his answer; as a historian—and that is his role here—he is implying that his account of federal union in the classical tradition of Offshore Contracts Templates, Reformed theology has not laid that question to rest. It may be worth adding one footnote to this account. Macleod mentions that the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, one man who withstood the standard Reformed view of the federal relationship between Adam and posterity was W. G. T. Shedd, who adopted the position that human nature and all humans were present in Adam. Contracts? My supplementary observation is that it is precisely the issue of justice which apparently drove Shedd to make his proposal. Shedd believed that the imputation to his posterity of the sin of a vicarious representative violates the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, order of Funeral Program Free Funeral, justice.9 We may and, I believe, should reject the theological substance of Shedd’s position, but how should we respond to its guiding purpose? Perhaps the Wesleyan tradition will tell us. Again, preoccupation with the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, question of The "hiragana Mnemonics By Tofugu, justice should not be allowed to prevent that tradition from speaking on its own terms and, in a fine essay, Thomas H. McCall permits it to do just that. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Wesley was a federalist and Consent Templates, the federal tradition is largely kept up in mainstream Wesleyanism until the late nineteenth century. It is a lively and enquiring federalism which incorporates into its developments the question of divine justice in relation to our damnation for the sin of Adam.

It also becomes a federalism rejected within the tradition, along with other components of the doctrine of original sin. It is just as interesting that McCall makes a studious theological proposal as it is that Macleod shows a studious theological restraint. After noting the modern turn against the classical Wesleyan understanding of original sin as embracing original guilt, McCall proposes two possibilities for those who want to retain the principle. The first is a fresh working of the notion of mediate imputation. The second is to combine a version of that principle with other principles whose theological upshot is that, by ratifying what Adam did in his representation of us, we are guilty both for our corruption and for our actions. These suggestions are briefly set out at the conclusion of the essay. When, then, we have read Carl Trueman’s essay on ‘Original Sin and Modern Theology’, which concludes this part of the volume, we might conclude that the Christian tradition had left modern theology with significantly unanswered questions on the doctrine of original sin. Whatever theological insights modern theology may yield—Trueman considers Schleiermacher, Rauschenbusch, Barth, Bultmann, Reinhold Niebuhr and Pannenberg—they are vitiated by rejection of the historicity of Adam.10 However, as far as our reading of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Madueme and Reeves’s volume is concerned, we are bound to ask to what extent modern theological thinking on this question is the product of the failure of orthodoxy to establish the theological credibility of its tenets. Trueman refers to ‘the typical modern concern for the idea of one person being considered guilty because of the University Network Discharge Summary. Download, failure of another’ (p. 180), but the earlier essays have shown that it is certainly not a distinctively modern concern attributable simply to those who reject some basic elements in the Christian tradition.

Accordingly, when the co-authors of this volume arrive on the scene in its third part, they have given themselves a pretty demanding theological job to do. Their contributions are sandwiched between those of James Hamilton and Daniel Doriani (the latter on ‘Original Sin in Pastoral Theology’). In a joint essay, Madueme and Reeves tackle ‘Original Sin in Systematic Theology’ and, in an independent essay, Hans Madueme tackles ‘Original Sin and Modern Science’. I trust that my discussion hitherto has indicated the propriety of giving some space to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, these contributions quite independently of the Archives | Graphicstank, appropriateness of doing so because Hans Madueme is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 responding to this article. In the joint essay, the authors argue for the dual necessities of belief in originating and originated sin.

If we do not believe in the former, we cannot avoid the conclusion that evil is a part of creation, and this is Offshore drastic. If we do not believe in the latter, interpreted as hereditary descent from the first human pair, the salvation from my sin wrought by Jesus Christ in countermanding the transgression of Adam is imperilled. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Ontological union with Christ rescues me from ill-fated ontological union with Adam. The force of Madueme and Reeves’s first point (on originating sin) is hard to avoid; the Achilles’ heel of the Contracts, position which denies an historical fall is the theological implications for our view of evil in creation. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? In this context, we should also welcome the authors’ rescue of Irenaeus from those interpretations which make him an Flyers | Graphicstank, ally of that denial, although it is a pity that the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, historical account in Part 2 begins with Augustine and not with Irenaeus.

The second contention—on originated sin—is more troublesome. There are two difficulties here. One is the claim that, without monogenesis, God’s imputation of Adam’s sin to Adam’s race ‘seems unfair and arbitrary since it is not grounded in an antecedent natural reality’ (p. » Consent Form Templates? 217). However, this claim lacks force unless it can be shown that ontological union with Adam defuses the charge of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, unfairness and arbitrariness in the imputation of sin. Madueme and Reeves produce no argument to that effect. The second is the claim that I cannot know for sure that Christ has assumed ‘ my “human” nature’ (p.

216) unless I am monogenetically related to Adam and that ‘[d]enying that we inherit Adam’s original sin [understood in Health, the sense of hereditary union] meant denying that sin has any real depth in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, us’ (p. 218). However, it is one thing to argue the exegetical case for Offshore, the authors’ claim about an ontological link, quite another to argue its theological necessity in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, this fashion. I confess that I am reminded of the argument that if you deny the historicity of Adam, then belief in the historicity of Jesus Christ is unsafe. As though belief in the historicity of Jesus depended on belief in Doc.#960768: Inventory Professional Supply, the historicity of Adam! Rather similarly, I know for sure that Christ has assumed my human nature and died for my sin; I know the unfathomable depth of my sin and dire corruption of my nature through the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, gospel or, if you like, through the New Testament witness.

I know it unshakeably while I may puzzle over how to understand it theologically, how to interpret Romans 5, or how to regard the relative claims of By Tofugu, monogenism and polygenism.11. This brings me to a weakness in the volume as a whole, manifested especially in this essay. In rejecting interpretations of Genesis judged compatible with polygenesis, those interpretations which accept the contemporaneity with Adam of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, ‘humanlike contemporaries’, Madueme and Reeves aver that this looks like a ‘blatant contradiction to the biblical teaching’ and that ‘[o]ne looks in vain for any indication in Consent Forms » Consent, Genesis 2–3 that there were any humans, or humanlike beings, other than Adam and Eve’ (p. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? 216f.). What is puzzling here is the total silence not only in this essay but in the whole volume of a key passage in this discussion: Genesis 4:14–17. The index to the volume indicates hundreds of biblical texts cited in this work, but Genesis 4:14–16 never turns up at all and Genesis 4:17 turns up only once in connection with 4:17–22, without hint of its significance for this debate (see p. 10). This, of course, is where we learn that Cain, after expressing the fear that his expulsion from the Consent To Treat Forms, land which he was working will make him a wanderer liable to be murdered, settles down in Nod and gets married. It looks as though the text places him in a populated world. Of course, it cannot clearly be doing so, because of what has preceded it in Genesis 2 and 3. Then how should the chapters be related?

The possibilities are many. They are ignored in this volume. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Madueme and Flyers, Reeves also ignore the fact that they are committed to the goodness of original incest as the means of propagation according to God’s design, whether between siblings or between Adam and his daughters, Eve and her sons and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, so forth onto the possibility of uncles and aunts until the whole thing is (should we not say, mercifully?) avoided. Had the authors said that they were willing to accept this; had they explained why the affirmation that Cain’s wife must have been his sister does not really strain the text; had they added that neither is it strained by the supposition that those feared by Cain as he wandered away must have been his own kin and that he was either initially alone in Nod with his wife or had been joined by other unmentioned kin—had they said all this, the reader could have weighed the words and agreed or disagreed. As it is, the Consent » Consent Templates, reader is made to feel like Walter de la Mare’s traveller at the moonlit door.12. Quite apart from what we might conclude about the literary genre of Genesis 2–3 (or 1–3, for that matter) studied in its own right, we must ask what light Genesis 4 throws on our reading of the preceding chapters just as we must ask to what reading of Genesis 4 those chapters point us.

These are questions arising from the text, but the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, significance of the possibility that Genesis 4 indicates Cain’s presence in a populated world bears on our ruminations on scientific (evolutionary) anthropology. Contracts? This brings us to Madueme’s essay, ‘“On the Most Vulnerable Part of the Whole Christian Account”: Original Sin and Modern Science’. Madueme sets out in four steps to answer the question of whether modern science compels either the abandonment or the radical revision of the traditional doctrine of original sin. First, he briefly describes the relevant post-Darwinian science-religion conflict; then, he looks at theological attempts to resolve it; third, he offers a methodological proposal ‘for how to begin resolving these problems in dialogue with Scripture and tradition’ (p. 227); finally, some concrete suggestions are made. I shall not comment here either on the brief historical remarks on Darwinian conflicts (the first step) or on Madueme’s account of unsatisfactory moves, including what commonly goes under the description ‘theistic evolution’ (the second step). The ‘jackpot’ question, says the author (p. 238), is the methodological one tackled in his third step. To the jackpot, then, we shall go.

The third step is executed in three moves. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? The first—strictly a ‘commitment’ rather than a ‘move’ (p. 241)—is an affirmation of biblical inerrancy. The second is an affirmation of ‘pneumatic certainty’, the testimony of the Spirit to the truth of Scripture. Doc.#960768: Inventory Supply? The third is an Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, eclectic approach to scientific theories, testing them according to Scripture, which may or may not mean conflict. This means rejecting ‘the scientific consensus when it conflicts with the V2.0 Network Discharge, doctrine of originating sin’ (p. 245) and entering into dialogue with science in relation to originated sin.

An example of this latter is the way in which we might accept biological explanations of human behaviour which ‘prompt some conceptual clarification in hamartiology’ (p. 246), forcing us to distinguish between biological and moral explanations of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, certain human behaviour. What are we to Archives, make of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, this proposal? Well, if (a) commitment to biblical inerrancy is warranted and (b) we can be pneumatically certain that the Bible is the Word of God, then (c) an Network - Ppt, eclectic approach to scientific theories seems to follow. What does not follow, at least in this account, is the possibility of dialogue. What Madueme calls ‘genuine dialogue with science’ (p. 248) is something quite different from that; it is, as he puts it himself, just a case of ‘[s]cience offering us data for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, theological reflection’ (p. 247). I confess that I cannot see how we have a methodological proposal here for resolving anything. The so-called resolution of the science-religion conflict lies in identifying what Scripture says and affirming that what Scripture says can be known to be true. V2.0 Health Discharge? So be it; but it just does not amount to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, a methodological proposal for a dialogue.

As it stands, it is just a statement of Offshore | Contract, faith. So is there no dialogue in the volume? Its subtitle is: Theological, Biblical and Scientific Perspectives on (the title) Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin . Except in one essay, we do not really get a scientific perspective and this essay has a further intriguing distinction, that of being written pseudonymously. It also ‘aims to bring the traditional doctrines of Adam and the fall into Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 conversation with the scientific data by outlining the expectations we harbor for Format. Program Free Funeral, the human fossil record based on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 the biblical witness and comparing these expectations with current data and theories of paleoanthropology’ (p. V2.0 University? 54). A priori , then, ‘all humankind is connected by a line of ancestry to a single pair of specially created humans . . . there is no ancestral lineage that links humans reproductively with any other living or extinct animal species, including the apes and any fossil apelike creatures’ (p. 55, emphasis original). Correspondingly, William Stone (the pseudonymous author) expects the paleoanthropological record to show two things: (a) ‘that humans belong to a distinct “kind” from other primates’, and (b) ‘consistency with a single human lineage’ (p.

55). We approach the scientific evidence knowing beforehand what we expect to find and not to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, find. And what do we find? We find that Adam is Mnemonics Chart," By Tofugu probably to be located at the root of the homo erectus to homo sapiens lineage almost 2 million years ago and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, that his progeny divided into different species. The latter is not really biblically or theologically problematic and the key move is to Supplies Inventory Supply, illustrate scientifically the discontinuity which we have expected theologically between the genus Homo and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, australopithecine genera. The "hiragana Chart,"? Of course (says Stone) this leaves problems unsolved. What do we do with the prima facie Bronze Age context of Genesis 4–5 or with Noah’s flood? We do not know; but we can expect to get there some time.

I leave it to properly qualified scientists to comment on Stone’s handling of the scientific data. Although there are occasional allusions to genetics, it is fossils rather than genetics that interest William Stone; consequently, we have no essay in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the volume which tackles crucial questions in scientific biology. I shall cut to the chase by omitting also any discussion of the scientific reasoning involved in the essay and ask the question: what shall we make of Stone’s method of approach and its effect on the possibilities of conversation between Scripture and science? Certainly, if ‘x’ is Program Image 1 8+ Free known to be the case or if there are strong grounds for believing ‘x’, it is not only in order to bring that knowledge or belief into our evaluation of any claims and theories—it is necessary. That is the case whether the knowledge or belief is religious or scientific or anything else. Methodologically, there is no objection in principle to a person bringing his or her religious beliefs to bear on scientific investigation; to say otherwise is to affirm that the outcomes of scientific investigation are, in principle, more certain than those of religious reasoning and that such an affirmation might take the form of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, a methodological commitment every bit as a priori as that of Stone. Flyers Archives? If there is a problem with what Stone does, it does not lie at this very general level.

Rather, it will lie in what happens in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, this case when his method is applied. Let the range of scientists tell us both what does happen here and what would happen if the field of genetics were treated in the same way.13. We know, of course, what the overall evaluation of Stone’s conclusions will be in mainstream science (at least in general; I do not myself know what will be made of Chart,", every detail in the argument). Here, we are in the neighbourhood of an issue which Madueme also faces in his essay: just how secure do scientific ‘findings’ have to be in order to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, overthrow theological conclusions? Madueme is willing to allow that, in principle, scientific evidence may be so compelling that it forces us to revise the traditional doctrine of original sin. However, he believes that the bar for this is extremely high, so that we are looking more at a theoretical than a realistic possibility.

It may be worth mentioning two avenues for exploring the issues which arise here. One is the philosophy of John Locke, majoring on his religious epistemology in its connection with his philosophy of The "hiragana Chart,", science. Locke’s influence on modern thought has been huge; he was, as Sir Leslie Stephen (Virginia Woolf’s father) put it, ‘the intellectual ruler of the eighteenth century’.14 His religious epistemology has been undervalued, although it is open to more than one serious criticism, including its early-modern interpretation of rationality. What Locke simply says is that a religious believer is entitled to maintain religious beliefs grounded on justified belief in revelation even when they can be shown to be rationally highly improbable. Revelation trumps contrary rational probability. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? It cannot trump what is rationally known to be contrary to it; in the event of collision, we should know that what we thought had been revealed had not really been revealed. Thus, rational knowledge trumps not revelation itself but our suppositions that there has been revelation on | Contract the point in question. I think that an evangelical exploration of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, this, especially in connection with Locke’s philosophy of science, would be profitable.15.

The second is contemporary or twentieth century philosophy of science. Some of Funeral Funeral Program 1 8+ Funeral, us will demur both from the exegesis of Genesis in this volume which rules out ‘theistic evolution’ and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, from the authors’ refusal to Chart," By Tofugu, accept the scientific evidence for the integration of humankind into evolutionary history.16 Yet, all of us need to attend to issues in the philosophy of science, particularly as they have taken shape since the work of Karl Popper.17 Both Madueme and Stone aspire to dialogue; in that case, surely what is needed is an incursion into the relationship of (what we might broadly term) philosophy of religion and philosophy of science.18. Stone’s enterprise is driven by a conviction which is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 not his alone, though it is impossible to say whether it is shared by all the other authors—a conviction that the doctrine of Forms Form Templates, original sin is either drastically redefined or lost if humans are located along an evolutionary line extending back to pre-human or non-human ancestors. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? This is not necessarily so. When Scripture talks about The "hiragana Mnemonics Chart,", ‘man’ or humankind, it is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 tempting to assume that it means what anthropologists mean when they use that language.

However, anthropologists do not demarcate species by identifying a point at which the first humans became addressed by God, called by God, answerable to » Consent Form Templates, God. That is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 Scripture’s interest in humankind to the point of being essential to its definition. There will be a neurological correlation to this summons, but, unless we accept some form of mind-brain identity theory, the spiritual summons is hidden, as is the Doc.#960768: Professional, apostasy of the fall. What is definitive of humanity by biblical standards is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 scientifically invisible, just as God and salvation are invisible, and an evolutionary pre-history does not in University Network - Ppt, the least affect this. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Polygenism is a separate question; theistic evolutionists can be committed monogenists. I think that Madueme is right to point out the dangers in this area of accommodation to the latest scientific picture, dangers which are grave indeed if even someone of Henri Blocher’s stature has to make retractions. Madueme is University Network Discharge Summary. also right to note the possibility of adhering to the historicity of Adam without commitment to the chronological matter of where, on the evolutionary time-line, Adam appears (p.

237–38). Mention of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Blocher takes us into the last part of the volume. In his essay on ‘The Fall and Genesis 3’, Noel Weeks thinks that it is a struggle for Blocher to combine reference to an historical Adam with symbolic trees in Eden and that Blocher ‘seems reduced to saying that he is certain something happened but that translating from the symbolic to the actual is beyond us’ (p. 299n37).19 As a matter of Doc.#960768: Inventory Template Supply, fact, there is neither struggle nor reduction here. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? History symbolically rendered is By Tofugu scarcely alien to Scripture. Weeks says that Blocher has not ‘dealt with interpretations that see the story as “symbolic” in some nonhistorical form because such readings are pure arbitrary imposition unless they are anchored in something within the text itself’ (p. 305).

Actually, Blocher spends his time anchoring his readings within the text itself. If Weeks insists that Blocher and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, others go outside the text in order to interpret trees as symbolic, then we are not only taken back to our earlier remarks about Offshore Contracts | Contract, hermeneutics and ANE context, but Weeks has to tell us why he is not being arbitrary in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, taking the trees non-symbolically. What Collins says about other scholars in his opening essay applies to Weeks: he is Inventory Professional Supply ‘conflating historicity with a literalistic scheme of interpretation, without argument’ (p. 9n17). However, Thomas Schreiner’s essay on Romans 5:12–19 does expose the difficulties with Blocher’s reconstruction of the doctrine of original sin and those of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, us who are willing to entertain the proposition that Henri Blocher’s theological ability is unexcelled on the contemporary scene will conclude that, if the doctrine of Program Image Free, original sin remains a riddle after he has examined it, riddle it will remain for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, some time to come. Schreiner’s exegetical argument results in a modification of Murray’s advocacy of the Inventory Template Professional Supply, imputation of Adam’s sin and he opposes Blocher’s challenge to the traditional federalist interpretation of Romans 5.20 Whatever we make either of Schreiner’s interpretation of his interlocutors or of the relative exegetical merits of the positions concerned—and Schreiner conducts his arguments well—he is surely correct to protest that Blocher’s interpretation does not fulfill its aim of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, relieving the problem of divine justice in Flyers | Graphicstank, condemning his progeny for Adam’s sin.

The final chapter of Blocher’s Original Sin is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 focussed on presenting a theological interpretation of original sin which has (prominently) amongst its goals the aim of turning aside this allegation of divine injustice. Blocher holds that, if Scripture does not teach the imputation of alien guilt to Flyers | Graphicstank, Adam’s descendants, nothing should hinder the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, expression of our biblically informed moral sense of injustice at such a proposal. V2.0 Summary. - Ppt? Indeed, Blocher grants that infants are guilty and deprived of fellowship with God and is aware that this is open to the charge of injustice, if it is Adam that brought them into Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 this condition. His discussion reveals his awareness that his own solution will not satisfy. Flyers Archives? Even so, he advances as the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, ‘least inadequate’ analogy the fact that children born during a war are at Form war with the other nation.21 His underlying supposition is that the human race has an organic spiritual solidarity and Adam was placed at its head. Blocher is not convincing. In the situation of war, we do not regard children as guilty for the fact that their leaders have brought the nation into war; we do not condemn them, even if they cannot but be implicated in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, action undertaken against their nation. Of course, Blocher is Doc.#960768: Supplies Template Professional Supply subtle and we have to figure carefully all the angles of his discussion. Nonetheless, it is hard to gainsay the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, fairness of Schreiner’s observation: ‘It is Funeral Program Format. Program Image 1 8+ difficult to see how anyone who struggles with God’s justice in the matter of Adamic headship will find Blocher’s solution much of an improvement over the theory of an imputed guilt’ (p. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? 277). Yet, for | Graphicstank, himself, Schreiner does not demonstrate divine justice on his interpretation either, so we are left with a volume which has come to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, an end with this question unanswered.22.

In conclusion, I go back to To Treat Form, first base and to commendation. Adam was an historical figure through whom sin entered the world. Yet, I do not see that we have got beyond first base and that the authors have found a way of defending this conviction beyond saying: ‘The Bible says’. It goes without saying that no one who seriously takes the Bible to be the Word of God will disdain that response. However, when more is attempted, more is expected. In sum, it seems to me that there are at least three (familiar) areas which need evangelical attention if we are to go beyond first base. We need (a) an in-depth engagement with different ways of understanding the literary genre of the early chapters of Genesis; (b) a renewed attempt to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, explain, if it is V2.0 Network possible, the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, justice of condemning his progeny for the sin of Adam;23 and (c) a philosophy of science which explores carefully the work and legacy of Karl Popper. Let me solemnly assure readers that the easiest thing in Chart,", the world is to write a review suggesting to all concerned what should be done. Let me also assure them that those who have the temerity to take up the task organized by Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves would do well to emulate their spirit of humble faithfulness to Scripture and earnest desire to get to grips with their subject. Added Note: Revisiting B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution. At this point, I am following Noll and Livingstone’s reading of Warfield, but I am grateful to Brian Tabb for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, drawing my attention to Fred G. Zaspel’s criticism of it in “B.

B. Doc.#960768: Template? Warfield on Creation and Evolution.”24 Zaspel argues that their description of Warfield as an Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, evolutionist at best goes far beyond the Offshore, evidence, at Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 worst ignores some of the evidence and at Program Format. Funeral Program 1 8+ Funeral all events must be rejected. He claims that, while Warfield granted that theistic evolution could be consistent with Christianity and did not rule it out, he himself rejected that position.25. The disagreement invites careful scrutiny of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Warfield’s work and Supplies Inventory Professional, what follows is not a detailed adjudication but a general judgement with an eye to my observations on Hans Madueme’s reading. Zaspel’s challenge surely fails. Four reasons of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, unequal weight can be given for | Graphicstank, this.

First, what Zaspel means by Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, ‘theistic evolution’ is not altogether clear. The "hiragana? He says that ‘[e]ven the theistic evolutionist cannot explain ultimate origins in terms of evolution. . . ’,26 but I have never heard of a theistic evolutionist who even tried to do so and, were the attempt to be made, I should not know what ‘theistic evolutionism’ meant. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? I can only Flyers Archives read Zaspel’s remark in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, its own right as a tautology, but the Consent To Treat Form Templates, tautology does not serve his argument. However, perhaps this is a minor point. Madueme himself has no problem with describing Warfield as a theistic evolutionist, but he believes that specifically human evolution is excluded in this case (pp. 228–29).27. Second, practically the first thing which Noll and Livingstone say in their introductory essay is that ‘Darwin, Darwinism and evolution . . . Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? were distinct’ for Warfield,28 but Zaspel collapses the last two. Thus he moves from » Consent Form, quoting Warfield on the improbability of ‘any form of evolution which rests ultimately on Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 the Darwinian idea ’ (my italics) to the denigration of evolution in general.29 Unfortunately, it is impossible to investigate all the aspects of Zaspel’s case here, because, at a certain juncture, he gives the wrong reference for a citation from Supply, Livingstone’s work.30. Thirdly, Zaspel’s case turns largely, though not entirely, on the need to attend closely to Warfield’s precise and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, careful formulations. This is a welcome insistence and Warfield’s writings on evolution are an impressive model of Mnemonics Chart,", careful theological reflection and expression.

However, Zaspel’s principled approach rebounds on him in practice for he delivers a major component of his thesis only at the cost of doing precisely what he accuses Noll and Livingstone of doing, which is to be inattentive to Warfield’s actual wording. Thus, he ascribes Noll and Livingstone’s expository confidence to their interpretation of two pieces by Warfield. The first is his review of Orr’s God’s Image in Man . According to Zaspel, in this review Warfield ‘ evidently (my italics) sees the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, biblical account of death as an obstacle to evolution’.31 Actually, Warfield does not imply, still less say, any such thing. What he says is that ‘ [p]erhaps ’ (my italics) Orr overstates the matter when he says that ‘“there is not a word in The "hiragana By Tofugu, Scripture to suggest that animals . . . came under the law of death for Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, man’s sin.”’32 Warfield’s response to Orr is: ‘The problem of the reign of death in that creation which was cursed for man’s sake and which is to be with man delivered from the bondage of corruption, presses on some with a somewhat greater weight than seems here to be recognized.’33 As a matter of fact, Zaspel has earlier represented both Orr and Contracts | Contract, Warfield in excessively vague terms to the point of misrepresentation. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? He speaks of Warfield’s praise of Orr for his ‘courage to recognize and assert the irreconcilableness of the two views’ and of Warfield’s positive evaluation of Orr on this account.34 Zaspel does not tell us what the two views in question were but he does say that consideration of what Warfield says, ‘by itself, at least, would have led Livingstone and Noll to a very different conclusion.’35 However, what Orr was contrasting here was a Christian world-view and nineteenth-century evolutionary philosophy exemplified, e.g., by Ernst Haeckel. It is on this that Warfield is commenting positively and both the Offshore | Contract, Noll/Livingstone account and their conclusion are entirely harmonious with it.36. Fourthly, as for the second of the two pieces on which Noll and Livingstone apparently depend, Zaspel grants that there is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 a case for their reading. However, he is not convinced of it and he believes that it cannot stand against Program Format. Program 1 8+ Funeral, the contrary weight of evidence in Warfield’s corpus.

The piece in question is Warfield’s celebrated essay on ‘Calvin’s Doctrine of the Creation’. But, against Zaspel, it is surely not probable that anyone as redoubtably Calvinistic as was Warfield and who rejected evolution would have prosecuted so robustly (and contentiously) the case that Calvin taught a doctrine of evolution and was a theistic evolutionist.37. This is not necessarily to dispose of everything which Zaspel says: e.g., the weight which he places on Warfield’s 1888 lecture essay on ‘Evolution and Development’ compels anyone who wishes to adjudicate this disagreement in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, detail to give meticulous attention not only to what the word ‘evolution’ comprehends in Warfield’s writings but also to the hermeneutical principles with which we approach Warfield’s texts. For myself, I should not be too surprised if Warfield had the last laugh on all of us, if this is not to treat a serious issue too flippantly. Perhaps in his later writings (the focus of the debate) he did not show his hand at all, neither overtly rejecting human evolution nor overtly declaring it, not giving away even his leanings one way or the other. Until the laughter echoes loud and Program Program Image 1 8+ Free, clear or until another case is put forward for Zaspel’s conclusion, there is no need to demur from Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Noll and | Contract, Livingstone’s conclusion. [1] Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves, eds., Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin: Theological, Biblical and Scientific Perspectives (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014). Page references to this volume will usually be given in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the text.

[2] Peter Enns, The Evolution of Adam: What the Bible Does and Doesn’t Say About Human Origins (Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2012), 15. ‘In a book on evolution’ it is ‘important for us to see the Funeral Image Free Funeral, Pentateuch as a postexilic work’ (p. 26). [4] Note exactly what Enns says about the relation of universality to Israelite history in particular in the early chapters of Genesis, e.g., on the universal setting of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Genesis 1–11 (Ibid., 65). He says that he is ‘not suggesting that the Adam story can only be read as a story of Israel’s origins’ (p. 66) but it seems that he could also have moved the adverb and Funeral Program Format. Program Image Free Funeral, said that he is ‘not suggesting that the Adam story can be read only as a story of Israel’s origins’.

[5] Enns explicitly draws this familiar comparison in the ‘Introduction’ to The Evolution of Adam , xvi. He is simultaneously aware that ‘evolution uniquely strikes at central issues of the Christian faith’, p. xiv. [6] Enns’s work is also the subject of frequent allusion in Collins’s essay, but the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, index to the volume does not give a complete list of the footnote references to Enns. [7] Full justice to Enns’s volume will not be done without a study of his Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005). [8] At least this is so in Supplies Supply, the context of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Chemnitz’s Loci Theologici , trans. University Health Network Discharge Summary.? J. A. O. Preus, vol.

1 (St. Louis: Concordia, 1989). For Melanchthon’s comment, reproduced in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Chemnitz’s work, see p. 272. [9] Dogmatic Theology , 3rd ed. (Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian Reformed, 2003), IV. 5. [10] Within the space of one essay, Trueman was bound to be brutally succinct and selective. To Treat » Consent Form? Even so, his succinct one page on Pannenberg, e.g., will give us no idea of Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, what he might have to teach us and his selection strangely omits Emil Brunner.

Compare, for example, Henri Blocher’s engagement with Pannenberg (and with Brunner, for Contracts | Contract Templates, that matter) throughout his important Original Sin: Illuminating the Riddle , New Studies in Biblical Theology 5 (Leicester: Apollos, 1997). [11] In much the same way as Madueme and Reeves do not show how their theological understanding of original sin is necessarily required in order to maintain belief in it, so the logic of Doriani’s account of ‘Original Sin in Pastoral Theology’ often requires only a conviction that sin is Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 deep, not a belief about original sin. See, e.g., pp. 259–60. [12] See his unfading poem ‘The Listeners’. We might, of course, add consideration of Genesis 6:1–4 to that of Genesis 4. I should say that I am not definitely committed to the belief that 4:14–17 introduces us to a populated world.

Quite apart from the difficulty of interpreting dogmatically compressed narratives, Cain might have been thinking of Flyers | Graphicstank, a period of hundreds of years during which he could be hunted down from a distance. [13] It is worth adding that Stone’s biblical-theological principles require less in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, the way of scientific evidence than he supposes. Funeral Program Image Free Funeral? Those principles do not require, as he supposes, that the paleoanthropological record ‘show that humans belong to a distinct “kind” from other primates’—only that it does not contradict the claim about the distinction of humankind (p. 55). [14] History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century , vol. 1 (London: Smith, 1876), 86. [15] See Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , ed. Peter Nidditch (Oxford: Clarendon, 1975), IV.14–20. [16] This need not be evidence which supports a neo-Darwinian synthesis; meta-Darwinism is another player in the game.

See T. B. Fowler and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, D. Kuebler, The Evolution Controversy: A Survey of Competing Theories (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007). | Graphicstank? David Stove’s Darwinian Fairytales (Aldershot: Avebury, 1995) is compelling reading in this connection. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Madueme wrongly places Warfield on the side of Doc.#960768: Supplies Inventory Supply, those who reject human evolution (p. 229). He cites Warfield’s 1888 lecture ‘Evolution or Development’ (reprinted in B. B. Warfield, Evolution, Science and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Scripture: Selected Writings , ed. Mark Noll and David Livingstone [Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000]), which the editors say represents Warfield at ‘his most skeptical about evolutionary theory’ (p. 114). Further, Madueme fails to refer to Program Format. Funeral Program Image Funeral, the different line taken in Warfield’s review of James Orr’s God’s Image in Man . See ‘Added Note: Revisiting B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution’ at Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176 the end of this article. [17] Bryan Magee’s ‘Conversation with Karl Popper’ in Mnemonics By Tofugu, Magee, Modern British Philosophy (St Albans: Paladin, 1973), 85–107 is a most useful way in, as is his Popper (Glasgow: Fontana, 1973). Popper’s work as a whole deserves our attention in this context, including the way in which his philosophy of science is informed by his interpretation of the significance of Einstein’s challenge to Newton. Pannenberg comes to terms with Popper in his argument that the ‘real task’ of theology ‘is to examine the Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, validity of the thesis of faith as a hypothesis’, Theology and the Philosophy of Science (London: Darton, Longman Todd, 1976), 296.

Popper was a great admirer of Charles Sanders Peirce, to whose thought Alister E. McGrath frequently alludes in his various writings on science and religion. See, e.g., Darwinism and the Divine: Evolutionary Thought and Natural Theology , 198–99. As I mentioned Stove’s work on Darwinian Fairytales , so mention should be made of his critical Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists (Oxford: Pergamon, 1982) but note should be taken of the self-imposed limits of Stove’s criticism of Popper and others in Offshore Contracts | Contract, this work. In connection with Popper, of continued importance for philosophers and theologians alike is W. W. Bartley’s essay on The Retreat to Commitment (Chicago: Open Court, 1999). [18] Madueme refers to Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Alvin Plantinga (p. 240n72) whose work on religious epistemology is certainly pertinent in this context.

For dialogue, see Alister McGrath’s The Foundations of Contracts, Dialogue in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Science and Supplies Inventory Professional Supply, Religion (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998). [19] Weeks refers to Henri Blocher, In the Beginning: The Opening Chapters of Genesis , trans. David G. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? Preston (Leicester: Inter-Varsity, 1984). [20] I am happy to confess my admiration for By Tofugu, John Murray’s work as well as that of Henri Blocher, but the convolutions of Murray’s formulations seem to me to obscure the reasoning in The Epistle To The Romans: The English Text With Introduction, Exposition and Notes , NICNT (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968), 189n22. [22] In fairness to Schreiner, it is not his brief. In his closing essay on ‘Adam, History, and Theodicy’, William Edgar apparently does not try to make headway on this one either.

[23] We should consider approaching this by exploring the proposition that we all would have done what Adam did. This would involve both setting out the logic of putting our post-lapsarian individual selves in the place of another human being and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, observing the distinction between saying that, contingently, any one of us would have done the same and saying that sin was inevitable for humanity. [24] Fred G. Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution’, Them 35.2 (2010): 198–211. [25] For a brief response, see David N. Livingstone’s Dealing With Darwin: Place, Politics, and Rhetoric in Religious Engagements with Evolution (Baltimore: Maryland, Johns Hopkins, 2014), 251n121. See Livingstone’s discussion of Offshore Contracts | Contract Templates, Warfield on pp. Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176? 185–93.

[26] Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Chart," By Tofugu, Evolution’, 201. [27] ‘Theistic evolution’ is actually better called ‘evolutionary creationism’, but the latter will seem a contradiction in terms in a climate where creationists may regard theistic evolution as a contradiction in terms. [28] Noll and Livingstone, ‘Introduction: B. B. Warfield as a Conservative Evolutionist’, in Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 13. [29] Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Evolution’, 203. [30] The words which he quotes are not found at the point of reference (ibid., 207n38). [32] Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 235–36. [34] Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution’, 208.

[36] Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 231. See James Orr, God’s Image in Man and Its Defacement in the Light of Modern Denials (London: Hodder Stoughton, 1906), ch. 1. [37] Only an University Network Summary. Download, excerpt of Warfield’s article on ‘Calvin’s Doctrine of the Creation’ is included in Sampleperformanceappraisalphrases-140906133519-Phpapp02-Thumbnail-4.jpg?cb=1410013176, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 293–314.